Archaeology programs provide students with a broad understanding of cultures and societies from the past. This is accomplished through the examination of the material remains of these cultures. Programs range in length and usually begin with an examination of the archaeological past from the Stone Age to the present in a laboratory-based learning environment. Students study excavation methods as well as a supplementary subject. During the second and third years, students choose particular archaeological periods to study in an in-depth manner and write an original thesis.
Students may elect to study such subspecialties as early prehistory, later prehistory, Greek archaeology, Roman archaeology, medieval archaeology, and early modern and industrial archaeology. Most students are exposed to a wide range of laboratory courses, learning archaeological theory, professional skills, and practical archaeology. They also focus on thematic studies, such as food and culture, archaeoastronomy, archaeology of art, ceramic technology, or bone analysis.